Malaysia is a country with fascinating people and enthralling range of attractions. Its three major races, the Malays, Chinese and Indians, along with the ethnic traditions of the Kadazan, Dusun, Iban and many more in East Malaysia, make up the delightful multicultural fabric of Malaysia.
The potpourri is enriched further with the influence of the British, Portuguese, Dutch and Thai. The Federation of Malaysia comprises Peninsular Malaysia; made up of 11 states; three federal territories and the states of Sabah and Sarawak in Borneo.
|Capital City||Kuala Lumpur|
|Area||329,758 sq km|
|Population||30,513,848 (July 2015 est)|
|Language||Bahasa Malaysia is the national language but English is widely spoken.|
|Religion||Islam is the official religion but all other religions are practised freely.|
|Climate||Tropical climate with warm weather all year round. Temperatures range from 21oC to 34oC. Annual rainfall varies from 2,000 mm to 2,500 mm.|
|Time Zone||Eight hours ahead of GMT (GMT+8) and 16 hours ahead of US Pacific Standard Time.|
|Currency||Malaysian Ringgit (RM) Travellers' cheque and foreign currencies can be changed for Malaysian Ringgit at banks and hotels. However there are also money changer kiosks available at major shopping complexes and at the airport. Most major hotels charge a nominal fee for currency conversion.|
|Tipping||Most hotels and restaurants levy a 6% government sales tax on bills and tipping is not customary. However, should you want to show your appreciation for good service, a small tip will suffice.|
|Shopping||All purchases are done in Malaysian Ringgit (RM). Major credit cards are accepted in most dining and retail outlets. Hypermarkets, supermarkets and most retail outlets have fixed prices for their goods, which are displayed on the products. However, bargaining is acceptable at selected retail outlets and is most common at night markets (pasar malam), or at bazaars. Shopping centres operate from 10.00 am to 10.00 pm with extended hours during sales and festive seasons.|
|Dining||Most eateries operate until late night. However, selected eateries are open 24 hours. Most Malaysians enjoy their meals using their fingers and adventurous visitors may choose to do so. However, it is perfectly normal to request for a cutlery set.|
|Insurance||Visitors are advised to obtain adequate insurance coverage before travelling to Malaysia.|
|Business Hour||In Malaysia, government offices are usually open for business during weekdays from 8:00 am to 5:00 pm and close on weekends and public holiday. Bank opens from 9:00 am to 4:00 pm. Most shops and shopping mall are open from 10:00 am to 10:00pm.|
|Getting There||The state-of-the-art Kuala Lumpur International Airport (KLIA), KLIA2, Subang Airport Selangor and Penang International Airport are the main gateways into the country.|
|Getting Around||The country has a well-developed and efficient and public transportation system served by buses, taxis and trains. In Kuala Lumpur, the Putra and STAR Light rail Transit (LRT), Express Rail Link (ERL), KL Monorail and KTM Commuters trains provide regular and hassle-free accessibility within the city as well as to several outlying towns. Car rental agencies can be found in most cities around the country.|
|In Kuala Lumpur, taxi fares are based on a metered rate and are available 24 hours a day. The flag-off rate is RM3.00 and 10 cents is charged for every subsequent 100 metres. Extra charges apply for services after midnight or for services booked by phone.|
|In Kuala Lumpur, bus services such as RapidKL, City Liner and Metrobus ply a network of routes. Feeder buses are available from LRT stations to designated surrounding areas. There is also an airport coach service which connects KLIA to the Jalan Duta Bus Terminal and Chan Sow Lin LRT Station in Kuala Lumpur. There is also a Hop-On Hop-Off Bus service provided in Kuala Lumpur.|
|The Keretapi Tanah Melayu (KTM) or Malayan Railway offers a well-connected rail network to all states in Peninsular Malaysia as well as neighbouring countries. Tickets can be purchased at KL Sentral.|
|The KLIA Express and KLIA Transit are the fastest modes of transport that ply between the Kuala Lumpur International Airport (KLIA) in Sepang, and the city. A non-stop 28-minute ride on the KLIA Express will connect you from the airport to the KL City Air Terminal (KLCAT) at the KL Sentral Station and a one way ticket cost RM55.00. This state-of-the-art transportation hub offers flight and baggage check in services for Malaysia Airlines, Cathay Pacific and Royal Brunei Airlines.|
|Electricity||Voltage is 220-240 volts AC at 50 cycles per second.
|Emergency phone number (999)||Police, Ambulance, Fire Brigade and Civil Defense.|